Congestive heart failure in pediatrics essay

Congestive heart failure can be right or left-sided, and is mainly a fluid issue, in which there is a decreased amount of blood to the kidneys. However, patients often need mineral supplements in addition to taking these drugs.

It is not usual to see only right sided or only left sided HF in children. If congestive heart failure is due to a structural problem of the heart that can be fixed, the outcome is excellent.

Hopefully a CNA could soothe the patient and make personal care less stressful. Heart murmurs may indicate the presence of valvular heart disease, either as a cause e.

Fluid retention and weight gain, causing a puffy appearance Extra sound when listening to the heart called a gallop Enlargement of the liver due to congestion on the right side of the heart, and it may be more easily felt Eyes or feet may be puffy as the right heart fails Chest pain Dizziness Syncope fainting As it is harder to determine parameters for heart failure in older children, it is important to look for change in exercise capabilities or progression of symptoms with time.

The failure can occur in on either side of the heart. Additionally, infiltrative disorders such as amyloidosis and connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus have similar consequences.

Some well-known persons include: In older children with weak heart muscles, medication can help decrease the workload of the heart to give it time to heal, though some of these children will also eventually require transplants.

Coronary catheterization, or angiogram, is used to identify the strength of ones left ventricle and the health of the heart valves using a dye that is visible under x-ray. Babies Poor growth because a significant amount of energy is used up by the heart as it works harder to do its job Difficulty breathing because lungs fill with fluid and they will use more of the muscles of their chest and belly to compensate.

Beta blockers are drugs that block Beta 1 and 2 receptors on the heart, which constrict blood vessels. Older children with cardiomyopathy tend to progress, unless the cause of the cardiomyopathy is reversible.

Congestive Heart Failure

Some patients will be recommended for surgery such as an angioplasty, a pacemaker or even a complete heart transplant.

P which could facilitate him to be complaint to his medications management and an issue of polyphamacy Paul, The key in managing heart failure is making the proper diagnosis, having close follow-up with a cardiologist and taking medications prescribed on a daily basis.

Due to the patients hip replacement it is possible for him to have an infective agent even though he was said to not have one. References American Heart Association. Left sided heart failure occurs Sometimes babies will need to have extra nutrition given to them via a tube that goes directly from the nose to the stomach, a nasogastric feeding tube.

The first and foremost administration of concentrated oxygen is very important to relieve dyspnea and hypoxemia, continuous pulse ox monitoring and heart monitoring,lead EKG,Xray chest ,blood test and intravenous access for intravenous medications.

The scariest part about a progressive disease is the anticipation of death. Potential ones are listed below for babies as well as older children: In pediatrics, the shortening fraction is the preferred measure of systolic function.

These drugs are vasodilators, and help to widen blood vessels to reduce the workload on the heart, decrease blood pressure and increase blood flow Mayo Clinic Staff, They become short of breath more quickly compared to their peers and need to rest more often.

Over time these increases in workload will produce changes to the heart itself: Theoretically, lowering the blood pressure will decrease the workload of the heart by decreasing the amount of pressure against which it has to pump.

External jugular vein marked by an arrow. The medications used to treat CHF include loop diuretics to remove excess fluids Beta blockers used to reduce the myocardial workload. Identification of allergens is recognizing what people may be allergic to or what may trigger anaphylactic reactions.

ACE inhibitors may be prescribed. Common respiratory signs are increased rate of breathing and increased work of breathing non-specific signs of respiratory distress. In general, congestive heart failure affects both the left and right sides of the heart, but it can affect one side more than the other, depending on the location and severity of damage.

Famous people such as these often have access to better health care because of financial stability. Sometimes surgery to fix blockage of the coronary arteries or a congenital heart defect will be recommended. Passing out during exercise Weight loss or lack of weight gain can be seen even in older children.

A surgical procedure involving the removal of strips of myocardium to remodel the dilated ventricle is a possibility, but has shown promise in uncontrolled trials.

Congestive Heart Failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the needs of the rest of the body (Department of Health & Human.

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a term used by cardiologists to describe a patient whose heart does not pump enough blood out to the rest of. The symptoms of myocarditis include fever, chest pains, and congestive heart failure, palpitation.

C) Heart disease affecting heart valves Heart diseases affecting heart valves occur when the mitral valve in the heart narrows, causing the heart to work harder to pump blood from the left atrium into left ventricle. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a situation where the heart is not able to pump adequate blood to the other organs of the body.

Causes of CHF are coronary artery disease, past myocardial infarction, hypertension, heart valve disease, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart defects, endocarditis and myocarditis (American heart association, ).

CHF Care Plan

Left sided heart failure occurs when there is ineffective function of the left ventricular contractile. As the pumping of the left ventricle fails, cardiac output also fails.

The blood that is suppose to go to the body is no longer being pumped out, thus backing up into the left atrium and the the lungs, causing “pulmonary congestion, dyspnea, and activity intolerance” (Lippincott Wilkins & Williams, ).

Essay Pathophysiology Of Congestive Heart Failure Pathophysiology Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a clinical syndrome in which the pumping action of the heart becomes less powerful and fluid builds up forcing it into the lungs causing pulmonary edema or causing edema in the peripheral vascular system.

Congestive heart failure in pediatrics essay
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Heart failure - Wikipedia